第八课. 名词的所有格
Lotusrain · Institution  1 views
名词的所有格形式被用来显示所属关系。要形成单数名词的所有格,需要在单数名词的结尾加上 ′s。


名词的所有格形式被用来显示所属关系。要形成单数名词的所有格,需要在单数名词的结尾加上 ′s

This is my bed and that is Peter′s bed.

We all like Dad′s cooking.

It is my job to collect everybody′s plate after the meal.

The flies are buzzing around the bull′s tail.


当两个名字以 and 连在一起时,其所有格需要在第二个名字后面加 ′s。

Katy and Mike’s house is very big. (= the house that belongs to both Katy and Mike)

Joe and Sarah’s dad works at the shoe factory. (= He is Joe’s dad and he is also Sarah’s dad.)

有时候两个所有格 ‘s 格式的词汇紧接着先后出现:

This is John’s brother’s ball. (= The ball belongs to John’s brother.)

Paul’s teacher’s house has a swimming pool. (= the house that belongs to Paul’s teacher)


要形成复数名词的所有格,如果这个复数名词的结尾不是s,则需要在复数名词的结尾加上 ′s

The children’s room is always messy.

Some people′s houses are bigger than ours.

Men′s voices are deeper than women′s voices.


如果这个复数名词的结尾是s,则需要在复数名词的结尾加上 ′

The pupils’desks are arranged in rows.

The boys’bedroom is bigger than the girls’bedroom.

The strong winds destroyed all the farmers’crops.

Rats′ tails are longer than mice′s tails.

当一个人的名字以 s 结尾时,你可以在这个人的名字的结尾加 ′或 ′s 形成其所有格。例如:

This is James′s house. 或 This is James′house.

Which is Charles’s bike? 或 Which is Charles′bike?


练习:

阅读下面的一段话. 名词的所有格缺失. 使用括号中提供的词汇的正确所有格填空. 第一个是例子。


Peter is spending the day at ­Tom′s (Tom) house. Peter likes Tom’s family. He especially likes ­__________ (Tom′s mom) cooking! The boys play lots of games together. __________ (Tom) sister doesn’t like __________ (Tom and Peter) games. She is playing by herself. Sometimes the _________ (boys) games become so noisy that Mom tells them to go and play in the garden. __________ (Tom) dog is in the garden, lying in the sunshine. Tom wants to play with the dog, but Peter is afraid of the __________ (dog) big teeth and sharp claws. At 7 o’clock, __________ (Peter) dad arrives in his car to take Peter home. Tom says he likes __________ (Peter′s dad) new car. __________ (Peter) dad says that he’ll take Tom for a ride in it sometime.

END