第七课. 阳性名词与阴性名词
Lotusrain · Institution  2 views
阳性名词指描述男人,男孩和雄性动物的名词。阴性名词指描述女人,女孩和雌性动物的名词。

阳性名词指描述男人,男孩和雄性动物的名词。阴性名词指描述女人,女孩和雌性动物的名词。

阳性
阴性
阳性
阴性
boy
girl
nephew
niece
man
woman
king
queen
father
mother
prince
princess
son
daughter
emperor
empress
brother
sister
wizard
witch
husband
wife
actor
actress
grandfather
grandmother
policeman
policewoman
uncle
aunt
waiter
waitress


还有许多描述人的词汇是不分性别使用的,这些词叫做中性名词。

teacher
baby
doctor
scientist
pupil
parent
astronaut
president
child
cousin
dancer
manager


对动物来说,有一个通用词用来描述这个动物,但是还有另外的词汇专门用来描述其雄性和雌性。有时雄性与通用词相同,有时雌性词汇与通用词相同。

动物
雄性
雌性
deer
buck
doe
horse
stallion
mare
sheep
ram
ewe
pig
boar
sow
chicken
rooster
hen
duck
drake
duck
cattle
bull
cow
goose
gander
goose
fox
fox
vixen
tiger
tiger
tigress
lion
lion
lioness


小知识: 以-ess和 -ress 结尾的词通常是阴性词汇:

actress lioness princess stewardess tigress waitress


还有许多描述事物的词汇是不分性别使用的,这些词叫做无性名词。

ball
glass
chair
phone
wall
car
shoe
socks
cake
rock
sky
tree
peach
floor
wind
bus


练习 1

在空白处填上对应的阳性或阴性名词。

阳性
阴性
master

uncle


niece

lioness
tiger


empress
husband

son


mother

madam


练习2

在空白处填上合适的阳性或阴性名词。

1. The host and the ­­­_________ welcomed their guests.

2. The steward and the __________ look after passengers on the plane.

3. My uncle and __________ lived in Nebraska.

4. The king and the __________ had two children, a boy and a ___________. The prince was eight and the __________ was five.

5. Ladies and __________, welcome to our party this evening.

END