第六课. 集合名词
Lotusrain · Institution  5 views
集合名词指的是描述一组人,动物或者事物的名词。 这类名词可以与单数形式的动词联用,也可以与复数形式的动词联用,取决于具体的环境与含义。如果所指的人或事物以个体形式发挥作用,则使用复数动词。

集合名词指的是描述一组人,动物或者事物的名词。 这类名词可以与单数形式的动词联用,也可以与复数形式的动词联用,取决于具体的环境与含义。如果所指的人或事物以个体形式发挥作用,则使用复数动词。

My family is going to see a movie.

My family are talking about the movie.

Today, my class takes our English test.

After the test, the class start their own papers on biology.


注意,虽然 people (人们,人民), police (警察), cattle (牛群)也是集合名词,但是它们总是与复数形式的动词联用。

Those people live (not lives) in Asia.

The police have (not has) caught the thief.


下面的词汇用来描述人群

a family
a crew
a team
a community
a committee
a choir
the army
an audience
a group of people
a gang of robbers
a band of musicians
a company of actors


下面的词汇用来描述动物

a school of fish
a herd of cattle
a pride of lions
a pack of wolves
a swarm of bees
a troop of monkeys
a flock of birds
a litter of puppies
a drove of sheep

下面的词汇用来描述事物

a bunch of keys
a deck of cards
a flight of steps
a bunch of bananas
a cluster of grapes
a string of beads
a bunch of flowers
a set of tools
a fleet of ships


有些名词可以用来描述其他东西的数量或者形式:

a loaf of bread a bar of soap

a ball of string a bar of chocolate


短语 a slice/piece of 指一块东西

a slice/piece of bread

a slice/piece of cheese

a piece/square of chocolate

a slice/piece of cake

a sheet/piece of paper

a piece of chalk

a piece of information

a piece of advice


练习1

阅读下面这个段落,在空白处填上合适的集合名词,有时也许有两个答案

Mom took Kate, Rudy and Derrick to the zoo. The zoo was very busy. A __________ of people had gathered round the monkeys. One of the monkeys had a__________ of bananas. Watching the monkey eat made the children feel hungry. Mom took a

__________ of bread and some __________ of cheese out of the picnic hamper and everyone made sandwiches. After eating the sandwiches, the children had two__________ of chocolate each. Rudy wanted to give one piece to a monkey, but the zookeeper gave Rudy a very useful__________ of advice. “Monkeys may look friendly, but sometimes they are very fierce,” he said.


练习 2

阅读下面这些句子,找出句子中的集合名词,根据句子的含义判断这些名词是行动一致被当成一个单元,还是行动以个体行为进行,被认为是每个成员都单独行动? 画圈选择适当的动词形式。

1.The jury(were/was)arguing about the importance of evidence.

2.A whole company of soldiers(is/are)marching in the parade.

3.A gaggle of geese(is/are)running every which way in the yard.

4.Those people(live/lives)in North America.

5.The police(has/have)arrested the suspect.

6.That troupe of actors always(stay/stays)at the Grand Hotel.

7.The committee(is/are)handing in their ballots.

8.Our school band(play/plays)many lively marches.

9.A big colony of ants(lives/live)under the front porch.

10.The government(are/is)entitled to collect taxes.


练习 3

Complete each phrase with a noun from the box that names apart or an amount of something.

bushel
scoop
ream
pair
drop
grain
pinch
galaxy


1. a

of stars

5. a

of potatoes
2. a

of sand

6. a

of bookends
3. a

of paper

7. a

of icecream
4. a

of salt

8. a

of rain


END